These ten types of people, to prevent stomach cancer, must remember the “16 word rumors”!
Gastric cancer is a malignant tumor that poses a serious threat to global health.
According to the “Big Cancer Concern Data” published by the 12th International Conference on Gastric Cancer, gastric cancer ranks fifth among the “most publicly concerned cancers”, and people over 40 years of age are more concerned about gastric cancer.
Eighty percent of patients diagnosed as the latest data released in the middle and late 2012 show that there are 950,000 new cases of gastric cancer every year in the world, and East Asia is a high-incidence area, of which the largest number of cases is in China.
According to the National Cancer Prevention Research Office, the annual incidence of cancer and deaths in 2015 is about 67.
90,000 and 49.
Gastric cancer is the third-largest death-related cancer of hypertension. The incidence of men is higher than that of women. More than half of the patients are between 40 and 64 years old.
A study on the relationship between dietary habits and gastric cancer in Chinese residents shows that the risk factors for gastric cancer are mainly fried foods, overeating, three meals, hot food or dry hard food, diet and salt.
Atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, human herpesvirus type 4 infection, family history of gastric cancer, etc., also have a certain correlation with gastric cancer.
Near Japan and South Korea are both countries with high incidence of gastric cancer, and the cause of the disease is also related to the diet structure.
First, the intake of salt is too much, which is related to the like to eat pickled food; the second is the lack of vitamin C, which may be due to limited geographical conditions and lack of fresh fruits and vegetables.
However, nearly 80% of patients with gastric cancer were found to be in the advanced stage, while nearly 60% of patients in Japan and South Korea belong to the early stage, and only about 15% are in the advanced stage.
Ten types of people need to be wary of gastric cancer. There are ten types of people with high risk of stomach cancer. It is necessary to overcome the targeted examination and keep the stomach cancer out of the door.
1, 40 years of age or older.
The incidence of gastric cancer is related to age.
In general, the population of chronic gastric cancer is mainly middle-aged and elderly, and at the age of 40, it enters the age of high incidence of gastric cancer.
Especially those with a history of chronic stomach disease, if there is recent discomfort such as indigestion, be sure to be highly vigilant.
2, the family has gastric cancer or other gastrointestinal cancer.
10% of gastric cancer is associated with a family genetic background.
If you have stomach cancer or other patients with digestive tract cancer in your family, be vigilant.
3, have a history of stomach, especially chronic gastric ulcer, gastric polyps, atrophic gastritis, or have undergone gastrectomy for more than 10 years.
The occurrence of gastric cancer generally goes through the process from chronic gastritis to atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia, and finally canceration.
This process can take years or even decades.
4, Helicobacter pylori infection.
This is a high-risk factor for gastric cancer confirmed by the World Health Organization.
The use of drugs to clear H. pylori can reduce the incidence of gastric cancer by 38%.
5, there are unexplained hematemesis, vomiting brown color, and weight loss.
Hemorrhage caused by ulcer surface bleeding or malignant tumor rupture can be manifested as vomiting blood or vomiting brown color.
Gastric ulcers also have a certain chance of malignant transformation of gastric cancer.
Weight loss may be related to the tumor’s consumption of the body.
6, the original symptoms of pantothenic acid, heartburn, and now the symptoms disappear.
Pantothenic acid, heartburn may be a symptom of gastric ulcer or tumor causing excessive gastric acid secretion and destruction of gastric mucosa.
Disappearing symptoms does not necessarily mean improvement. When symptoms suddenly change, you should be vigilant to avoid delays.
7. A person born in a high-incidence area of gastric cancer or living in a high-incidence area.
The incidence of gastric cancer has a certain regionality and may be related to local living habits, dietary structure and heredity.
Residents with high incidence of gastric cancer in China have one thing in common: long-term consumption of preserved foods such as meat marinated products, salted fish, pickled vegetables and seafood.
Linyi County, Shandong Province, Zhuanghe County, Liaoning Province, Changle County, Fujian Province is the most representative high-risk area of gastric cancer.
8, have suffered from other malignant tumors.
Usually, tumors are the result of a combination of genetic factors, environment and other factors, but once you have suffered from other malignant tumors, the risk of stomach cancer will increase.
For example, 1% of patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer?
Gastric cancer occurs at a 13% probability, with a high risk of other tumors.
Furthermore, people who are deficient in the tumor suppressor gene P53 are at risk of suffering from various cancers such as stomach cancer, cancer, and liver cancer.
9, like salty foods, including pickled products, smoked products, or eat fresh vegetables instead, long-term drinking wine and smokers.
Due to the high osmotic pressure of salt, eating too much high-salt food will directly damage the gastric mucosa and reduce gastric acid.
Studies have shown that long-term heavy drinking is clearly associated with the occurrence of gastric cancer.
Of the 100 patients who died of cancer, 21 were related to smoking.
Eating too much fresh vegetables and not getting enough vitamins will increase the risk of diabetes.
10. People with mental stimulation and depression.
Stress, stress, depression and other psychosocial factors will change the hormone secretion of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, promote gastric acid secretion, inhibit gastric mucus secretion, thereby causing gastric mucosal damage, and even gastric ulcer.
Long-term chronic damage to the gastric mucosa is one of the important causes of gastric cancer.
Anti-gastric cancer remembers “16-word rumors”: Because the incidence of gastric cancer is not optimistic, Ji Jiafu said that it is becoming more standardized and precise in the treatment of gastric cancer.
Currently commonly used treatment methods include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, treatment of complications, and immunotherapy.
Through a multi-disciplinary, comprehensive treatment model based on surgery, the radical resection rate of surgery has increased from less than 30% to 92% 40 years ago, and the 3-year disease-free survival rate of advanced gastric cancer patients has reached 78%.
The diagnosis rate of early gastric cancer is getting higher and higher.
According to data from the China Lung Cancer Surgery Alliance, the proportion of early gastric cancer diagnosis is as high as 39% in some medical centers in first-tier cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.
The expansion of minimally invasive surgery such as functional preservation surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and endoscopic resection allows patients with early gastric cancer to achieve higher expected quality of life while eradicating the disease.
Even in the advanced stage, some patients undergo conversion therapy, and supplemental treatment may create surgical opportunities, effectively control the disease, and significantly prolong survival.
To prevent stomach cancer, you should remember the “16-word rumor”: healthy living, preventiveness; regular screening, active treatment.
Specifically, it is to overcome bad eating habits, eat less fried, grilled, fried, marinated, high-salt, mildewed, over-hot foods, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, not overeating, quit smoking, drink less alcohol, and exercise more;People with predisposing factors need regular physical examination every year. It is recommended that patients over 40 years old undergo gastroscopy every two years. Those with family history may consult genetic experts. Patients with gastrectomy should be reviewed regularly, gastric ulcer, chronic gastritis and other precancerous conditions.The diseased population must be actively treated.